Blacks became more valued because they survived the tropical climate and the psychological condition of slavery better than whites and Amerinds did. Amerinds, in particular, were notoriously prone to waste away and die in captivity before any useful amount of labor could be extracted from them. (However, this didn’t prevent them from participating in the system; in the early post-contact period, chieftains of what came to be called the “Five Civilized Tribes” not infrequently held plantations and slaves of their own under colonial and early American law.) Whites were somewhat more tractable but came to be considered bad investments (the Irish particularly so).
The author also seems to insinuate that he believes in an objective standard of right and wrong. If that standard is simply a functional one – whatever works best – a reference point is needed: “works best for Whom?”. For example, as one Nobel Prize-winning economist has concluded (no surprise), the institution of slavery worked very well, thank-you, for one of the two groups involved. Other than a slippery, warm-fuzzy, stance that all humans have equal value (something that philosophical materialism has no need of – just ask Joseph Mengele), what enduring basis does a pure pragmatist have to include all humans, rather than just his group, in the benefits?
Your points are well-taken, but I have to ask what you mean by “progress”. The empiric fact is that the twentieth century stands as the bloodiest, and perhaps cruelest, in history. And those depradations were foisted upon the world by materialist regimes. The total amount of senseless squalor, torture, death, and ruined lives under communism and fascism tower above the offerings of the Middle Ages. This is what materialism accomplished during the march of progress? I could point out that many of the practices of the Catholic church of the Middle Ages represented a twisting of Biblical Christianity (which is not unrelated to the resistance of that structure to having the Bible widely read); and you might, in turn, point out that the materialism of the twentieth century was similarly just a perversion of its potential good, as represented by American secularism, e.g. I’m not ready to concede, however, that our founders were either mostly Deists; nor am I convinced that more accomplished historians than you or I would agree with that assertion. Much of this seems to boil down to the question: If the American experiment is the best example in history of governance/self-governence and progress, to what extent did its creation depend on Theism, or Theists? More than a few Deists and Materialists owe the existence of their civlization on George Washington’s otherwise irrational and unlikely persistence in a war and an ideal that depended heavily upon his faith. Even Benjamin Franklin made statements revealing a piety absent in modern materialists. I’m not ready to give up the ghost on this historical question.
Protestant Christianity is perhaps the most normotic religion extant in the world today — I’m not even sure that fundamentalist Islam can compare, its power being magnified by its coincidence with rich oil deposits upon which the rest of the world is dependent — and it has America in a hammerlock. John Taylor Gatto provides perhaps the richest exposition of how fundamentalist religion and industry work together, each with the goal of automatizing an ostensibly free society to create a productive, obedient work force and economic engine, completely unaware of (or unwilling to acknowledge) the squandering of resources and utter lack of respect for human dignity committed by agents of this engine. Sleep – obey – consume.
[tags: Joseph Stalin, Communism Essays]
The “attack on India” grew out of a border dispute that began several years after the Chinese had completed a road from Tibet to Sinkiang in an area so remote from Indian control that the Indians learned about this operation only from the Chinese Press. According to American Air Force maps, the disputed area is in Chinese territory. Cf. Alastair Lamb, , July-September, 1965. To this distinguished authority, “it seems unlikely that the Chinese have been working out some master plan…to take over the Indian sub-continent lock, stock and overpopulated barrel.” Rather, he thinks it likely that the Chinese were probably unaware that India even claimed the territory through which the road passed. After the Chinese military victory, Chinese troops were, in most areas, withdrawn beyond the McMahon line, a border which the British had attempted to impose on China in 1914 but which has never been recognized by China (Nationalist or Communist), the United States, or any other government. It is remarkable that a person in a responsible position could describe all of this as Chinese expansionism. In fact, it is absurd to debate the hypothetical aggressiveness of a China surrounded by American missiles and a still expanding network of military bases backed by an enormous American expeditionary force in Southeast Asia. It is conceivable that at some future time a powerful China may be expansionist. We may speculate about such possibilities if we wish, but it is American aggressiveness that is the central fact of current politics.
[tags: Joseph Stalin bio Biography Essays]
Oh, and you are SO right about these memes being so ingrained in the culture: Adrian10 was working them to death in his subsequent replies, and it appears nobody noticed: since WHEN was guilt for the crusades/indian wars transferrable beyond the immediate perpetrators? MY only obligation is to learn from the mistakes and sins of the other: the feeling of guilt Adrian10 was trying to impress is part of the effect Stalin intended. Their exploitation has proven so useful to create unearned guilt and concessions that giving them up will seem impossible.
How did Stalin affect Russia's industrial power.
The life of Joseph Stalin begun not too dissimilarly, born in the Russian province of Georgia, in 1879 unto his mother Yekaterina, and her husband Vissarion Djugashvili, his childhood too, was difficult and at the age of nine he was enrolled in the elementary clerical school in Gori....