They include "family history of sickle cell anemia, fatigue, breathlessness, rapid heart rate, delayed growth and puberty, susceptibility to infections, ulcers on the lower legs, jaundice, attacks of abdominal pain, weakness, joint pain, fever vomiting, hematuria, excessive thirst, excessive penis pain, priapism, chest pain and decreased fertility." (4) However, the worst symptom of sickle cell has to be when a patient goes into 'crisis.' Dr.
Bonds describes them as "mini heart attacks throughout the entire body." (3) Furthermore, "in sickle cell anemia, the blood flow can be interrupted to any of the major organs, causing severe pain and organ damage at the site of the blood flow blockage." (3) These painful crises harm the lungs, kidneys, liver, bones, and other organs and tissues.
Normally, they are small sphere-like objects within their red blood cell; however, people with Sickle Cell Anemia have hemoglobin that is misshaped into long strands.
Commonly, symptoms attached to sickle cell anemia occur due to the abnormal shapes of red blood cells and blockages of blood circulation within the body. In fact, body tissues experiencing impaired blood circulation encounter extreme damage due to lack of enough oxygen. Signs of sickle cell disease are always realized when a child is at an age of four months old. Individuals affected with the same are known to be fragile and therefore they break down easily. The sickle-shaped cells are always weak and thus needs urgent and recurrent replacements. Studies show that red blood cells are able to live up to one hundred and twenty days but the sickle cells can barely manage this leading to chronic reduced red blood cells (Landau, 1996). It is extremely hard for the human body to get enough oxygen with fewer red blood cells present. Hence, because of this lack of enough circulation anemia leads to unrelenting exhaustion.
Sickle Cell Anemia is an inherited condition....
Sickle cell anemia is caused through the mutation of a gene responsible for producing hemoglobin or red blood cells that are rich in the iron compound evidenced in the red blood color. Generally, sickle cell is an inherited problem that tends to occur in generational terms. According to research, sickle cell is transferred as an autosomal condition illustrating that it is not related to a sex chromosome. Sickle cell carriers inherit the same gene in an autosomal form that is portrayed as a dominant trait. Therefore, for the sickle cell condition, two autosomal genes must be inherited from the parents constituting to two sickle cell genes in the child. Sickle cell carriers do not experience many health problems thus they tend to live their lives just like other healthy people. The distortion of red cells is enhanced by the lack of enough oxygen, high levels of acidity and low blood quantity. Causes of these conditions may include tissues injury and dehydration. Some organs that have high rates of metabolism tend to increase the distortion of sickle cell anemia through their usage of more oxygen from the blood making the organs exposed to various injuries.
[tags: Disease Health Sickness Essays Papers]
To this date, there is a diverse amount of treatments that may help with sickle cell anemia, but researchers are studying for additional treatments that may be better.
More than 70,000 Americans have sickle cell anemia.
Two articles suggest there is no widely available cure for sickle cell anemia, yet, there are a variety of treatments that can help reduce the pain and symptoms.
Ever occurring infections are another significant sign of sickle cell anemia“Because of these complications, people with this disorder are likely to have their life span reduced by about 30 years.”
In addition, sickle cell anemia does not only have one primary cause, a variety of symptoms, but also a series of treatments.